Counsellors and Counselled

The Advice to Princes Tradition between the Hundred Years’ War and the British Interregnum

University of Padua, 12-13 September 2024

Call for Papers

In 1327, fourteen-year-old Edward III was faced with the difficult task of restoring peace after Edward II’s much-contested leadership, characterised by the presence of self-interested advisors. It comes as no surprise that a copy of the Secreta Secretorum, meant to provide instruction for the newly crowned king by offering both theoretical and practical advice, was commissioned for him shortly before his coronation. Throughout the Middle Ages, the genre had flourished giving birth to monumental treatises, as well as to a broader conversation on the nature of good and bad kingship. Giles of Rome’s De Regimine Principum enjoyed an extraordinary fortune well beyond the Middle Ages; during the Renaissance, advice to princes literature continued to flourish in manuscript and print, also thanks to the development of new theories on government. From John Skelton’s Speculum principis (1501), written for a young Henry VIII, to George Buchanan’s De Iure Regni apud Scotos (1579), directed to James VI of Scotland during his minority, Renaissance treatises bridge direct royal advice with both political pragmatism and legal theory. Continental works play a part in this process, contributing to the incorporation of European models into the national political discourse, with the translations of Machiavelli’s Prince (1532) and Baldassar Castiglione’s Book of the Courtier (1528). Ideal kingship could also be contrastively defined by negative examples of tyrannical or unsuccessful monarchs. The tradition of tragic exempla of fallen princes begun by Boccaccio’s De Casibus (1370s), focusing on the tragic consequences of bad leadership, was expanded by Lydgate and later reworked in the Mirror for Magistrates (1555-1610). The genre of the speculum principis evolved from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance by continuously readapting itself to the changing times. This tradition informed many literary works where the idea of good and bad kingship, as well as of loyal and treacherous advisors, is explored. The organising committee welcomes contributions analysing advice literature directed to kings and princes, as well works dealing with the delicate balance between king and counsellors, in Medieval and Renaissance Britain.

Topic suggestions include – but are not limited to:

  • Literature of advice to princes in Latin and English 
  • (Dis)continuities between the Medieval and the Early Modern advice tradition
  • Relationship between counsellors and counselled
  • Relationship with politics and history
  • Relationship between literature and political theory
  • Advice to political actors and its literary echoes in the British Isles

Proposals for 20-minute individual papers can be sent to:

Proposals should include a 350-word abstract and a 100-word biographical note.
The deadline for submitting proposals is 29 February 2024. Notification of acceptance will be sent by 31 March 2024. 


SEPTEMBER 12 - Aula 8, Complesso Beato Pellegrino

Opening Remarks

Chair: Carlo Bajetta

Andrew Hadfield (University of Sussex)

Michael Drayton and the Failure of Counsel

Chair: Allison Steenson

Olena Lilova (University Mediterranean, Podgorica) 

‘To speake before a king, it is no childes playe’: Sending Political Messages to the Monarch in Early Tudor Interludes

Liudmyla Fedoriaka (Kryvyi Rih State Pedagogical University)

Thomas Nashe’s Relationship with Authorities: Satire through his Works

Tamara Jovović  (University Mediterranean, Podgorica)

Shakespeare’s Othello as a Political Play?

** Lunch **

Chair: Lorna MacBean

Carlo M. Bajetta (Università della Valle d’Aosta)

‘Invaded or impeached we cannot be, but by sea’: Sir Walter Ralegh’s ‘War with Spain’ and King James I

Allison Steenson (IASH - The University of Edinburgh)

William Alexander’s Paneresis to Prince Henry (1604): Political Counsel and Political Anxieties on the Eve of the Union of the Crowns

Pamela Pierro (Università di Genova)

‘…To mold this youth!’: A Portrayal of the ‘Ideal Prince’ According to the Poetics of George Chapman

** Coffee Break **

Chair: Rocco Coronato

Jill Ingram (University of Florida)

Thomas Heywood’s 1633 Londini Emporia as Political Counsel

Charlotte McCallum (Queen Mary, University of London)

Edward Dacres, Machiavelli, and the Public Face of the Early Stuart Mirror for Princes Tradition

Vittoria Feola (Università di Padova)

Elias Ashmole’s Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum (1652) as a Mirror for the Prince Who Will Be


** Conference Dinner **

SEPTEMBER 13 - Archivio Antico, Palazzo del Bo

Chair: Raluca Radulescu

Sibilla Siano (Università di Padova)

Instructing Young Kings: William of Pagula’s Mirror of King Edward III

Ann-Katrin Effmert (Trinity College Dublin)

Literature and Politics - The Changing Narrative of a Child King by the Example of Richard II from 1376 till 1386

Omar Khalaf (Università di Padova)

Moral Teachings and Family Affairs: Earl Rivers, Prince Edward, and Royal Education in Late Fifteenth-Century England


** Coffee Break **

Chair: Alessandra Petrina

Raluca Radulescu (University of Bangor)

Counselling the King - Reading Emotions, Mastering One’s Own from the Fourteenth to the Fifteenth Century in England


 ** Lunch **

Chair: Andrew Hadfield

Alessandra Petrina (Università di Padova)

Non-identical Twins: Thomas More’s Utopia and Niccolò Machiavelli’s Prince

Giacomo Sanavia (Université Paris8)

‘Warlike counsailes and preparation’: The first English Translation of Machiavelli’s Arte della guerra

Laura Tosi (Università Ca’ Foscari, Venezia)

“Some of the court hold it presumption to instruct princes what they ought to do” (DM, I, 19-20), Or, How to Undermine Good Counselling in John Webster's Tragedies


** Coffee Break **

Chair: Sibilla Siano

Leonardo Bagnulo (Sapienza Università di Roma)

[Re]Framing Accountability for the King’s Actions: Investigating Giovanni Francesco Biondi’s Historical Account of Richard II’s Relationship with his Counsellors

Michele Piscitelli (University of Birmingham)

Deciphering the Interplay of Religion, Politics and Italian Language in La tavola di Cebete Tebano (1552)

Alice Equestri (Università di Padova) 

George Whetstone, Italian Novellas and the Mirror for Magistrates Tradition in The Rocke of Regard (1576)

Closing Remarks

Registration and fees

The conference has no registration fee.
Registration is now open at the following link

Registrations will take place in Aula 8 at Polo Beato Pellegrino on the first day,
and in Sala della Basilica (Palazzo del Bo) on the second day.

Conference Venues

Università di Padova
DiSLL – Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Letterari, Polo Beato Pellegrino, via E. Vendramini, 13 – 35137 Padova
(Please note there is limited parking near this venue)

Università di Padova
Archivio Antico (Historical Archive)
Palazzo del Bo – Via VIII Febbraio, 2 – 35122 Padova
(Please note there is no parking at this venue)


Organizing and scientific Committee

Alice Equestri
Alessandra Petrina
Sibilla Siano
Allison Steenson


Alice Equestri –
Alessandra Petrina –
Sibilla Siano –
Allison Steenson –